Energy Days will offer breakout sessions twice during the conference. The morning sessions will occur from 10:15–11:30 a.m. The afternoon sessions will occur from 1:30–2:45 p.m.
- Additive Manufacturing
- Advanced Technologies on the Future of Nuclear Power
- Clean Coal
- Dimethyl Ether: A Paradigm Shift to Replace Diesel-Fueled Transportation with an Equally Efficient Fuel
- Energy and Industry: Integrating the Internet of Things
- The Energy Literacy Landscape—Providers, Programs, and Priorities in Pennsylvania
- Microgrid, Built Environment
- Oil and Gas
- The Pennsylvania Energy Solutions Network for Economic Development
- Regulating Energy and Engaging Stakeholders: Law, Policy, and Stakeholder Engagement in a Changing World
- Bioenergy and Water Quality
- Chemicals and Materials
- Energy Across Borders: Geopolitics, Conflict and International Arbitration
- Energy Literacy Roadmap to the Future—A Ten-Year Plan for Enhancing Energy Literacy in Pennsylvania
- The Future of Energy Storage
- Integrated Education
- Our Solar Future
- Propulsion and Power Generation
- Regional Power System Evolution
- Wind Energy Applications in Pennsylvania—Building a Stakeholder Network
Session Leaders: Tim Simpson, Co-Director CIMP-3D: Additive Manufacturing, Penn State; Todd Palmer, Applied Research Laboratory, Penn State; Ted Reutzel, Applied Research Laboratory, Penn State; Karen Thole, Department Head of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Penn State; Jared Blecher, 3D Systems; Matt Woods, Xact Metal; Juan Mario Gomez, Xact Metal
Additive manufacturing provides unprecedented design and material freedom resulting from its ability to fabricate parts layer by layer to create complex and intricate three-dimensional shapes. This enables companies to light weight components using lattice structures and topology optimization, consolidate complex assemblies into a single 3D printed component, and create functionally-graded components using multiple materials in a single build. This new-found freedom is disrupting many of our existing manufacturing paradigms and driving industry interest in the technology to all-time highs.
Penn State has a state-of-the-art additive manufacturing facility that specializes in 3D printing metallic components for aerospace, automotive, consumer goods, defense, energy, medical, oil and gas, and space applications. Leveraging the team’s expertise and industry partnerships, this session will explore the barriers to adoption and the challenges that many companies face when transitioning to additive manufacturing. Specific emphasis will be placed on the needs and applications in the energy and oil and gas industries, and opportunities for training and education will be discussed. Finally, there will be an opportunity to provide feedback on a new Industry Collaborative concept designed to help companies get ready for additive manufacturing production, engineering, and design at University Park.
Session Leaders: Arthur Motta, Chair of the Nuclear Engineering Program in the Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Penn State; Nick Brown, Assistant Professor of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Penn State; Fan-Bill Cheung, George L. Guillet Professor of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Penn State; and Mike Tonks, Assistant Professor of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering</ br>
Panelists: Russel Stachowski, Chief Consulting Engineer, Nuclear and Reactor Physics, GE Hitachi Nuclear Energy/Global Nuclear Fuel; Rita Baranwal, Director, GAIN (Gateway for Accelerated Innovation in Nuclear), U.S. Department of Energy; John C. Wagner, Director, Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program Technical Integration Office
As the biggest producer of carbon-free electricity in the world, nuclear energy should be considered as part of the solution going forward. Many of the issues that have been raised with nuclear power are being addressed by the development of advanced technologies. Penn State is a part of this national and international effort, which will be highlighted in the continuing effort to achieve safe, reliable, and clean energy production.
This session will explore these possibilities and their possible impact on the further development of nuclear electricity, especially in this country. We will seek industrial partners that can participate in the session, discussing technologies such as the molten salt reactor, advanced fuel performance codes and accident tolerant fuel development.
Session Leaders: Tom Richard, Director of the Institutes of Energy and the Environment; Russell Redding, Pennsylvania Secretary of Agriculture; Paul Marchetti, Executive Director of PennVest; and Ann Swanson, Executive Director of Chesapeake Bay Commission</ br>
Panelists: Kevin Comer, Assoc. Principal & Sr. Project Manager, Antares Corporation; Calvin Ernst, President, Ernst Conservation Seeds; John Finegan, Founder, Beck Ag; David Muth, Co-Founder and Senior VP, AgSolver, Inc.; Frank Lipiecki, Director of Strategic Projects, Renmatix; Lee Lynd, Chief Scientific Officer, Enchi
The session focuses on the synergies between bioenergy and water quality, specifically using biomass feedstocks that can provide market-based solutions to regional nutrient and sediment pollution.
Panelists will discuss the key challenges to growth in this sector:
- Feedstock economics and cash flows,
- Supply-chain risks and resilience,
- Market and policy incentives, and
- The interdependencies and logistics of new biorefinery products.
The goal of this workshop is to develop new partnerships between business, government, and environmental stakeholders that together can address the research, education, policy, business, and economic development needs at the intersection of sustainable bioenergy, water quality, and rural communities.
Session Leaders: Amy Bridger: Senior Director, Corporate Strategy & External Engagement, Penn State Behrend; Gary Smith, Plastics Engineering Technology, Penn State Behrend
Marcellus Shale natural gas is a “wet” natural gas, which means it contains ethane in addition to methane, i.e. natural gas. Ethane can be “cracked” and converted to ethylene which is the starting material for more than fifty chemicals. This provides a new source of a low-cost feedstock and a competitive advantage for plastic and chemical companies. Ethylene is the monomer or starting material for polyethylene, the large plastic material produced in the world. Ethylene can also be converted to ethylene glycol, which is the feedstock for PET resin, a polyester resin used in bottles, films, and fibers. Ethylene glycol is also “antifreeze.” Numerous other chemicals can be produced from this feedstock source. These will be discussed as an additional benefit of the shale gas industry.
Session Leaders: Pete Rozelle, Principal, Churnside Technology Management, LLC.; Chunshan Song, Director of EMS Energy Institute, Penn State</ br>
Speakers: Barry Worthington, Executive Director, United States Energy Association; Angelos Kokkinos, Director, Office of Advanced Fossil Technology Systems, Fossil Energy, Department of Energy; J. Eric Shereda, Manager, Exploration and Applied Improvements Strategy and Engineering, CNX COAL Resources LP; Dennis Simmers, EHS Engineer, The Colver Power Project
The goal of the new session on clean coal is to identify and discuss the regional, national, and global challenges and opportunities for clean coal utilization technologies. We hope the general contents of this session, represented collectively by the speakers including general discussions following the presentations, will highlight opportunities to address the economic and environmental challenges associated with coal production and use, including improved performance in power generation, fuels and chemicals production, coal use in the production of materials required for manufacturing and infrastructure improvements (e.g. steel, aluminum, cement), prospects for producing critical materials from coal production byproducts (rare earths, for example), and technologies for minimizing and mitigating environmental impacts.
Clean Coal is co-sponsored by the Pennsylvania Coal Alliance.
Dimethyl Ether: A Paradigm Shift to Replace Diesel-Fueled Transportation with an Equally Efficient Fuel
Session Leaders: Dan Haworth, Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Penn State; Randy Vander Wal, Professor of Energy & Mineral Engineering, Penn State; Skip Yeakel, Principal Engineer, Volvo Group North America; Nigel Clark (invited), Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, West Virginia University</ br>
Principal Presenter: André Boehman, Professor, Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan
Dimethyl ether (DME) is a synthetic fuel that can be efficiently produced from a wide variety of fossil and renewable feedstocks including biogas, natural gas, coal, and biomass. DME can also be produced from sunlight and captured carbon dioxide. DME’s particular characteristics (specifically its high cetane number) make it ideally suited to enable diesel efficient parity. DME is a single component fuel and will not have the cetane variability, storage degradation, or seasonal blend adjustment issues of conventional diesel, thus making engine optimization for high efficiency more feasible. Because DME combustion produces no soot, it requires no DPF and thus can enable the use of less complex and costly aftertreatment systems than those currently used with diesel engines to meet prevailing emissions standards. Unlike natural gas with its potential for significant fugitive greenhouse gas emissions, DME is not recognized as a greenhouse gas which makes it far superior to LNG for commercial ground vehicles—including rail transport and potentially even maritime transport.
In recent years, Mack and Volvo have been exploring the potential for DME use in heavy-duty trucks. Volvo has field-tested DME-fueled prototype trucks in Sweden and the U.S. to demonstrate the technology and to collect performance and reliability data. A fleet of ten trucks in Sweden accumulated over 930,000 miles of operation, while three trucks in the U.S. accumulated a total of 90,000 miles in revenue service. More recently, Ford has been exploring DME as a substitute for its diesel engines.
The potential benefits of DME as a CI engine fuel have been well-documented, but barriers to deployment still exist. Deployment of any alternative fuel (including DME) in a transportation application requires commercially available vehicle technology for alternative fuel use; demand from potential customers interested in using the fuel; and infrastructure necessary to produce and distribute the fuel. Customer demand is linked to the price of diesel vs. DME which has, recently, been more favorable for DME. Diesel fluctuates with world oil prices while DME price is more stable. Compared with natural gas, DME is an exceedingly easy fuel to dispense with an extensive propane compatible dispensing network and equipment already in place. Only slight modifications to the seal material may be required to make propane equipment DME compatible. DME easily provides the needed driving range with simple low-pressure tanks versus the large expensive high pressure or cryogenic NG tanks that still cannot match the range of DME. Recent developments within new projects and initiatives for DME vehicles in North America and Europe give renewed momentum to the push to implement DME. Of regional value is a potential new, large-scale, American conversion of coal to DME. The goal of this session is to discuss the barriers, opportunities, and benefits of implementing DME as a “better alternative,” viable, transportation fuel.
Session Leaders: Catherine Rogers, Professor of Law and Paul and Marjorie Price Faculty Scholar Affiliate Professor, School of International Affairs Penn State Law; Lara Fowler, Penn State Law Senior Lecturer and Assistant Director of Outreach and Engagement for Institutes of Energy and the Environment
In almost uncanny tandem, the most important front-page geopolitical events involve related disputes over energy and corollary large-scale international arbitrations to disputes over those energy resources. These kinds of disputes raise important and interrelated issues about global trends in energy production, the public/private divide in global governance, and the role of international arbitration in resolving energy-related disputes. This breakout group will bring together leading experts in these related fields to discuss existing trends and their implications.
Session Leaders: Jeremy Frank, President and Co-Founder, KCF Technologies; and Janis Terpenny, Department Head of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, Penn State
The Industrial Internet of Things (I-IOT) is a blitz of changes, threats, and opportunities that promise to reshape industrial manufacturing. The IOT is defined as the “interconnection via the Internet of computing devices embedded in everyday objects, enabling them to send and receive data.” In the industrial world, the computing devices are sensors, controllers, and programmable logic computers, and the objects are large critical machines and many pieces of essential “balance-of-plant” equipment. The I-IOT transforms industrial operations by enabling new and dramatically enhanced communication opportunities, leveraging previously untapped or unconnected information.
The purpose of this session is to facilitate a discussion on how the Industrial Internet of Things will impact industry in the United States and the rest of the world. How will business leaders enhance their decision making? How will energy consumption change? How will the workforce adapt? How will process manufacturers derive benefits from operational improvements and cost savings? How will equipment manufacturers create improved customer relationships and new service models? What will happen to companies that fail to prepare and adapt?
Energy Literacy (Two serial sessions)
Session Leaders: Michele Halsell, Director, Sustainable Communities Collaborative, Penn State; David Bauman, Ecology and Environment/Science Education Advisor, Pennsylvania Department of Education; Daniel Ciolkosz, Professor, Penn State, Agriculture Extension Service; Sharon Pillar, PA Consultant, Environmental Entrepreneurs, an affiliate organization of Natural Resources Defense Council; Ann Devine, Environmental Education Regional Program Coordinator, Environmental Education and Information Center, Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection
Energy literacy across all communities is an essential component to leveraging the economic, environmental, and social benefits of a diversified energy portfolio, not only for those directly employed in the energy sector and for those who make energy policy, but by anyone who is an energy consumer. Yet, only 12 percent of U.S. adults could pass a basic energy literacy quiz in 2002. An energy literate individual has been defined as one who has a sound conceptual knowledge base as well as a thorough understanding of how energy is used in everyday life, understands the impact that energy production and consumption have on all spheres of our environment and society and strives to make choices and exhibit behaviors that reflect these attitudes with respect to energy resource development and energy consumption.
Invited panelists will provide an overview of existing energy literacy efforts and resources at the national, state, and university levels as well as in the commercial sector. A facilitated roundtable discussion among participants will provide an opportunity to elaborate on the existing landscape in Pennsylvania, as well as identify gaps and opportunities for enhancing energy literacy programs. At the conclusion of this session, participants will have a more complete picture of the energy literacy landscape in Pennsylvania, who the main actors are, what programs are offered, and where additional effort may be beneficial. This session will include discussion of energy education for K-12, workforce development, policymakers, and the general public.
Session II: Energy Literacy Roadmap to the Future—A Ten Year Plan for Enhancing Energy Literacy in Pennsylvania
This brainstorming session will focus on building on information provided in the morning session to identify gaps and propose solutions to enhance energy literacy across diverse stakeholder communities.Participants will explore ways to enhance energy literacy efforts through integration and collaboration across organizations.At the conclusion of this session, a set of action steps will be articulated and potential partners will be identified for creating a more robust and comprehensive suite of energy literacy solutions for a wide array of target audiences.
Session Leaders: Chris Rahn, Associate Dean for Innovation and Professor of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Penn State; Chao-Yang Wang, Professor and Diefenderfer Chair of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Penn State
Explore with our industry and government partners how to leverage Penn State’s significant technology research infrastructure in the Battery and Energy Storage Technology (BEST) center and Materials Research Institute (MRI) to enable the expansion of renewable energy, especially in electric vehicles (EVs) and the smart grid. The energy landscape is dynamically changing with the alarming prospects of climate change tempered by political reality, low gas prices, and the potential rollback of fuel economy and environmental standards. How should Penn State faculty, staff, and students focus their energy to support the development and expansion of the nascent EV and smart grid industries?
This session has been established to elicit input and engagement from industrial and government stakeholders on the future of vehicle electrification and the smart grid. The goal of the session is to develop findings and actions that ensure Penn State meets the needs of industry by focusing future research directions in low cost and safe energy storage systems and by identifying future educational content. Also, we will seek to discuss elements of an industrial and government partnering framework that could include, for example, faculty-practicing engineer exchanges, undergraduate and graduate student internships, and tailored on-line educational programs.
Session Leaders: Monty Alger, Director of Institute of Natural Gas Research, Penn State; Sarma Pisupati, Professor of Energy and Mineral Engineering, Penn State; John Jordan, Clinical Professor of Supply Chain and Information Systems, Penn State; Kyle Peck, Professor of Education, Penn State; Darrell Velegol, Distinguished Professor of Chemical Engineering, Penn State; Daren Coudriet, Entrepreneur-in-Residence for the Penn State Ed Tech Network; Stephanie Velegol, Senior Lecturer Chemical Engineering, Penn State; and Ashish Kulkarni
Over the past decade, we have seen almost every business being disrupted through the application of technology. The combination of new business models with technology has created major disruptions in the market, such as UBER in transportation, Airbnb in hospitality, and Amazon in retail, book publishing, and now cloud computing. Higher education is a massive market with structural weaknesses that make it an industry open to disruptive insurgents.
This session will summarize discussion results with different stakeholder groups engaged in education. There will be a discussion of first steps to creating an “integrated internship” model spanning university to market. From the session, we will determine interest, priority, and support from the market to design and implement new education models. The results of this effort will also be translated across many of the other energy break-out areas and establish practices that bridge research to market with education, student, faculty, and external sponsor engagement.
Session Leaders: Jim Freihaut, David Riley, David Pfeifer (Solar Turbines), Eva Gardow (First Energy), Denise Brinley (Pennsylvania Department of Community and Economic Development) , Eric Stein (PECO), Jayant Kumar (GE), John Webster (ICETEC)
Stakeholders from municipal , State and Federal government agencies, utility generation, transmission, and distribution enterprises, equipment manufacturers, financial investment, and end-user communities, as well as participants from related research fields, will discuss the critical path and technical , policy, and business model/ value proposition issues related to microgrid development and implementation.
Penn State researchers involved in microgrid design and implementation technologies and systems will moderate discussions and exchanges focused on key questions and concerns with respect to microgrid implementation in each of the stakeholder sectors noted above. Penn State currently operates a Mid-Atlantic Center for the U.S. Department of Energy focused on the implementation of distributed energy nodes across the Mid-Atlantic Region.
Expected Session Outcomes: Prioritized delineation of potential, interdisciplinary and inter-stakeholder research development, deployment and demonstration activities for implementation of microgrid, built environment communities in the Region.
Session Leaders: Chris Marone, Professor of Geophysics, Penn State; Manish Kumar, Assistant Professor of Chemical Engineering, Penn State
Unconventional oil and gas production has transformed the world’s energy supply. Over the last decade, major advances in technology have led to increasing supply of gas and oil at ever decreasing cost of production. With the recent drop in oil price, there has been a move to further decrease operating costs and extraction efficiency. At the same time, there is a need to reduce water use, manage emissions and minimize the overall environmental impact of exploration and production. For the Oil and Gas industry we believe there is a major opportunity to integrate existing domain knowledge in geosciences and petroleum engineering with emerging disruptive technologies and skills as well as integrating concepts of sustainability and business analytics.
A primary goal of this break-out session is to discuss industry needs in the context of an integrated research-to-market model which will engage the breadth of Penn State capabilities with the market. We seek industry, government, and University input on next steps to build an expanded, coordinated effort in oil and gas with sponsor organizations. We invite you to come and participate actively and openly, bringing your strategic concerns and best ideas for collaborative advancement.
Session Leaders: Jeffrey Brownson, Associate Professor of Energy and Mineral Engineering
Solar energy is making major changes in society at national and state levels. In 2016, solar jobs grew 12 times faster than the U.S. economy, solar employed more people in the electricity generation sector than oil/coal/natural gas combined, and more solar generating capacity was added to the grid than any other new energy segment. In complement, academic institutions like Penn State are observing rapid annual increases in demand for higher education for solar careers: project economics, solar systems design, community solar strategies, and renewable policy development. Collectively, these changes will be vital to local economic growth, environmental protection, and electrical grid resiliency in Pennsylvania.
In this session, stakeholders from a variety of perspectives will explore the coming engagement events in the following months, and discuss the how people associated with academic institutions like Penn State might serve our communities, as a 21st Century Land Grant Institution. This breakout session will result in a strategy brief, exploring the needs to develop linkages between communities, government, and land grant institutions to share the role in addressing changing market conditions, career opportunities, and challenges across the Commonwealth.
Moderator: Denise Brinley, Pennsylvania Department of Community & Economic Development, Sr. Energy Advisor</ br>
Tom Esselman, Energy Consultant and Advisory Board Member, Great Lakes Energy Institute, Case Western Reserve University; JP H. Tambourine, Economic Development Representative of FirstEnergy Corporation; Pam Witmer, Vice President of Government Affairs of UGI Energy Services
Penn State plans to facilitate the development of a Pennsylvania Energy Solutions Network by globally engaging energy leaders from industry, education, and government in a network connecting resources across Pennsylvania through Penn State’s 24-campus land-grant system and extensive outreach network.
This session will be used to advance the planning for a Pennsylvania Energy Solutions Network. Four panelist representing existing energy solution resources in Pennsylvania will provide 10-minute briefings.This will be followed by a 15-minute breakout session when groups will be asked to:
- Identify categories of individuals who should be invited to participate in advisory capacities to The Pennsylvania Energy Solutions Network to guide outputs, and
- Recommend a framework for local meetings and network activities that would to “power up” the energy solutions grid in a sustainable fashion.
Breakout groups will be brought together for the final 20 minutes of the session to share and build consensus recommendations.
Session Leaders: Jacqueline O’Connor, Penn State Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering; Stephen Lynch, Penn State Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering; and Rich Dennis, U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory</ br>
Session Organizers: Robert Kunz, Penn State Professor of Mechanical Engineering; Philip Morris, Penn State Boeing, A.D. Welliver Professor of Aerospace Engineering; Karen Thole, Penn State Department Head of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Douglas Wolfe, Penn State Department Head of Advanced Coatings at the Applied Research Lab
This session has been established to elicit input and engagement from industrial and government stakeholders. The goal of the session is to develop findings and actions that can make sure that Penn State meets the needs of the gas turbine industry by focusing future research directions in turbine propulsion and power systems and by identifying future educational content. Future gas turbine areas that are emerging, for example, include:
- Advanced designs for additive manufacturing,
- Certification of both engines and novel fuels,
- Big data,
- Use of gas turbines as dispatchable power, and
- The digital thread.
Also, we will seek to discuss elements of an industrial and government partnering framework that could include, for example, faculty-practicing engineer exchanges, undergraduate and graduate student internships, tailored on-line educational programs, and the need for a national “public gas turbine” facility.
Session Leaders: Mort Webster, Penn State Associate Professor of Energy and Mineral Engineering; Chantal Hendrzak, Executive Director—Operations Support for PJM; Charles Zebula, Executive Vice President for American Electric Power; Kelley Mendenhall, Vice President of State Regulatory and Market Policy for First Energy; and Seth Blumsack, Penn State Associate Professor of Energy and Mineral Engineering
Beginning in the late 1990s, many regions around the U.S. liberalized the regulation of electric power by introducing competitive markets in wholesale generation and the formation of Independent System Operators (ISOs) and Regional Transmission Organizations (RTOs). After two decades, the new market designs in RTOs throughout the nation have overall functioned efficiently in managing the provision of electricity and stimulating entry of new resources to replace retiring plants. However, the industry as a whole faces challenges in how the power infrastructure should and will evolve as the electric system continues to evolve, plants retire and new investments are sought to maintain adequate supply.
In this session, we will bring together stakeholders from a variety of perspectives to identify major gaps in the current set of policies, market designs, and infrastructures. A desired outcome is the identification of a research agenda to address those gaps using state-of-the-art economic, scientific, and engineering analysis. The output of this analysis could inform and support stakeholders in navigating these challenges. The 15+ Penn State faculty that study the power sector from a variety of perspectives across the University have the collective expertise to provide a unique testbed for ideas and a longer-term partnership with the electricity industry in finding new solutions that work for all stakeholders.
Regulating Energy and Engaging Stakeholders: Law, Policy, and Stakeholder Engagement in a Changing World
Session Leaders: Hari Osofsky, Incoming Dean of Penn State Law and the School of International Affairs; Kathy Brasier, Associate Professor of Rural Sociology, Penn State; Lara Fowler, Penn State Law Senior Lecturer and Assistant Director of Outreach and Engagement for Institutes of Energy and the Environment; Amanda Wintersteen, Director of Federal Relations, Penn State; Michele Halsell, Director, Sustainable Communities Collaborative
Law and strategies affecting the development, production, transmission, and use of energy are undergoing significant change at the same time as energy supply and demand are shifting. This session will explore currently regulatory and stakeholder dynamics, with a particular focus on the Mid-Atlantic region.
Energy development and use is a critical issue in Pennsylvania where the development of shale gas has reshaped the energy industry, even as alternative energy supplies are increasing across the entire Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The proposal of new pipelines has raised legal and stakeholder engagement challenges. In addition, the shift towards energy exports is already shaping regulatory issues at the federal, regional, state and local level.
This session will explore several key questions about the role of law in energy transition and possibilities for stakeholder engagement:
- What are the key regulatory challenges posed by the transition of the energy system and how are the many stakeholders interacting with them?
- How does Pennsylvania energy and environmental law interact with federal and regional energy law and markets and with local land-use planning processes?
- What are the legal requirements for public engagement on a potential energy project, and how might community concerns be addressed more effectively?
- What opportunities do the major transitions in physical, market, and regulatory systems create for constructive partnerships between interdisciplinary research teams at Penn State and leaders in business, government, and the community?
- How should the Penn State innovate in its approaches to energy education across disciplines to prepare students for this changing landscape and contribute to society?
While there will be some background provided, the goal is to host a robust discussion of these questions and to create a white paper. This white paper will have two purposes: 1) to help inform those working on critical regulatory and stakeholder engagement issues, and 2) to help guide Penn State’s efforts going forward in the law, policy, and stakeholder engagement realm.
Session Leaders: Susan Stewart, Research Associate Aerospace Engineering and Architectural Engineering, Penn State; Sven Schmitz, Assistant Professor of Aerospace Engineering, Penn State
Session Description: Pennsylvania’s complex terrain strongly impacts the application of wind energy across the state in finding the ideal locations and arrangements for wind projects.It also influences many of the environmental challenges in siting projects and is a part of the landscape in which communities are trying to understand and make decisions about the wind energy enterprise in the context of competing uses of land.Stakeholders in wind energy will come together to discuss Pennsylvania specific wind energy challenges and opportunities in research, education, and outreach in our communities.
Session Outcomes: Penn State has been home to the Department of Energy funded Pennsylvania Wind Application Center and its associated Wind for Schools program since 2011.Goals of this Center include education and research in wind energy including the study of wind energy in the complex terrain and environments of PA, education across the undergraduate and graduate levels and outreach to K-12 teachers and schools. We are aiming to form a key set of stakeholders to form a state level consortia to guide this program into the future.